What is printing? Learn about printing technology from A to Z
The printing industry was formed and developed very early in the world. And to keep up with the flow of the times, in recent years, there have been many innovations to improve printing quality to create the most vivid and realistic products. Let’s explore this exciting field together!
What is printing?
Printing is the process of creating images or text through printing templates. These images are printed on materials such as paper, fabric, etc., through ink.
According to Wikipedia, the Cylinder Seal, the Cyrus Cylinder, or the Cylinders of Nabonidus are symbols of printing technology from the early days. Later on, we learned about woodblock printing and paper printing. Printing technology in China was invented by Bi Sheng in 1040 AD. At this time, printing technology gradually played an extremely important role in economic, political, and educational activities.
Printing is the process of creating images or text through printing templates.
Learn about basic printing technology.
Regarding basic printing technology, the first thing to mention is the two areas always present in every print: printing and non-printing areas.
After preparing for the printing process, the next step is to separate the image from the printing and non-printing areas. To better understand this basic printing technology, let’s take a look at the following printing processes:
- Planographic: Printing on the same flat surface includes printing and non-printing areas. The difference between them is that the image of the two regions is opposite. Suitable for lithography.
- Relief: In this printing process, the printing area is located above the flat surface, and the non-printing area is below the flat surface of the printing material—for example, letterpress printing technology.
- Intaglio: The process is opposite to the Relief process in which the image area is located below the flat surface, and the non-printing area is located above the surface. An example of this process is copperplate printing.
- Porous: This process uses a smooth silk sheet through which ink can enter the printing area, separating the printing and non-printing areas and preventing ink from flowing into the non-printing area. For example, silk printing technology.
There have been many innovations in printing technology in recent years to create the most vivid and realistic products.
Modern printing techniques
Today’s printing techniques include offset printing, letterpress printing, silk screen printing, laser printing, and more. These printing technologies are carried out through printing processes developed in recent years, such as:
- Digital printing: Images are loaded into a digital printer, which then performs color mixing and prints directly onto the material instantly, saving time and allowing large quantities to be printed.
- Bleach printing: Widely used for printing on fabric materials, this technique removes the fabric’s color and restores it to its original state (off-white) before continuing the printing process.
- Water-based printing: High gloss printing is achieved through the use of water-based ink.
Today’s printing techniques include offset printing, letterpress printing, silk screen printing, laser printing, and more.
Today, at Hoang Vuong, we have also updated the most advanced printing technologies on paper materials for various packaging products. Contact us now for advice on the best quality printing technologies available today and discover helpful knowledge related to the printing field in Vietnam and worldwide!
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